EB-5 Visa Investment
Apply For An EB-5 Visa
There are four general steps that investors must complete to become U.S. permanent residents through the EB-5 Visa Investment program. Once these steps have been completed, EB-5 visa investors, their spouse, and their unmarried children under the age of 21 become U.S. permanent residents. They will also have the option to become full U.S. citizens five years after obtaining their permanent residency.
EB-5 Visa Investors must complete these four general steps to get a green card through the EB-5 visa program. The process is a complicated one but if you have the funds, this is an excellent way for someone and their family to get a green card and ultimately become a U.S. citizen. Generally speaking the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Visa (“EB-5 Visa”) requires that you invest either $1,000,000 in a city settings, or $500,000 in rural settings, and in return, the U.S. Government will give you a Green Card. In order to qualify, you must also create 10 full-time jobs for U.S. workers and meet some other requirements.
EB-5 Visa Investment
1. Find The Appropriate EB-5 Visa Investment “Project”
The first step is for the EB-5 applicant to find a project to invest in and this generally takes the form of either a new commercial enterprises for individual investors or Regional Center projects. If the applicant chooses to invest as an individual investor then they must locate an investment project or business of their own.
Investors can also choose to invest through a mechanism called “Regional Centers.” To this end, the Government has set up a special program called a Regional Pilot Center Program where Investors can act more as passive investors and contribute funds to government recognized entities. Under this program, businesses involved in promoting growth in certain geographic areas are approved as regional centers and may meet the job creation requirements of the law using “indirect employment” based upon approved methodologies. With this option, you would simply invest the money with the regional center and get a very small return (usually about 1%-2%) on your investment. There are ranges of risk profiles associated with the regional centers and they are a great choice if you do not mind a low return and do not want to mange a business.
2. You Make a Capital Investment and Your Attorney Files A I-526 Petition
The next step of the process is for the applicant to invest the required investment amount in the project that they have chosen. That is, the investment of $1 million dollar for this EB-5 Investment. These investments are often made into an escrow account. After the money has been put in escrow, your qualified immigration lawyer will file a petition (I-526) with the government. In order to file an I-526 petition, the applicants must also present evidence that their investment will lead to the creation of 10 full-time jobs for U.S. workers and this is usually supported by a comprehensive business plan. In addition, the applicant must also prove that the funds came from a legitimate source. The government usually informs the applicant whether or not their I-526 petition has been accepted after 4 to 6 months.
3. Request for Information
An EB-5 Visa Investment petition is an extremely complex and document intensive petition. Moreover, as some applicants may be starting up a new enterprise, it may not be apparent to immigration officials the exact nature or basis of the financial data or strategy. As such, the government often requests additional information from applicants after the I-526 has been filed. This is a normal part of the process and allows the government to inquire about areas that they may not be clear about. You should take any requests for information to your attorney as soon as you receive them so that he/she can respond to the government appropriately.
4. Apply For A Conditional Green Card Step 1
There are a number of requirements that must be met to apply for an EB-5 Visa and one of those requirements is hiring 10 full-time U.S. workers. As you do not have to hire the workers immediately, the government will issue you a conditional green card for two years. At the end of the two years, you will be required to prove that you have met the conditions and hired the required employees. EB-5 investors are eligible for this conditional green card once their I-526 petition has been approved and the exact forms that have to be filed depend on whether you are in the U.S. or not. If you were in the country when the I-526 is approved, you would file a change of status petition (I-485). If you are out of the country, you will file documents so that your green card can be processed at a Consulate.
5. Apply for Green Card Step 2 – Removal of Conditions (I-829) Petition
The last step in the EB-5 visa process is for applicants to become unconditional permanent residents by removing their two-year conditional status. To do this, your immigration attorney would file an I-829 petition 90 days prior to the anniversary of the date that the applicant first received their conditional residency. This application proves that the investor has met all requirements of the EB-5 visa program and the government usually issues a permanent green card around 6 months after the I-829 has been submitted.
The investor, their spouse, and their unmarried children under the age of 21 can then permanently live and work in the United States and have the option to become U.S. citizens after a five year period from the date they received their initial conditional residency.